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Arthritis: What You Must Know And Can Do About It

Arthritis: What You Must Know And Can Do About It

Posted On : May 21, 2019

Joints are the connections between the bones which help in movement. They also provide support to the body by bearing the weight of the different parts of the body. Joint pain is an extremely common condition. It can affect any part of the body, be it the hands, shoulders, hips, ankles, thighs etc. Joint pain is usually known as Arthritis, characterized by joint inflammation because of the decrease in cartilage, a rubbery tissue covering our bones. The bones then rub against each other, which triggers the pain. Although there is no cure, there are several treatments for arthritis pain, mostly pertaining to diet and lifestyle management.

Symptoms of Arthritis

The common signs and symptoms of arthritis are:

  • Pain in the joints, which may be constant or intermittent in nature.
  • Inflammation of the joints due to stiffness, swelling, which causes the joints to become warm.
  • Difficulty in motion and loss of motion
  • Tenderness of the inflamed joint
  • Fever, weight loss, fatigue and abnormalities of organs such as kidneys, heart etc. in the case of
    rheumatoid arthritis.

Treatment Options for Arthritis

The medical treatment for arthritis mainly involves medications and surgery. Of course, there are other
measures such as physical therapy, weight loss etc.

• Medications: Over-the-counter medicines such as aspirin, ibuprofen, acetaminophen, Tylenol help provide relief from the joint pain by reducing inflammation, albeit with the probability of certain side-effects like ulcers and bleeding. Tropical jells inhibit the pain signals in the nervous system, thus providing relief. Corticosteroids reduce the inflammation and suppress the immune system, which especially addresses the cause of rheumatoid arthritis.
• Physical Therapy: Exercise can help a great deal in reducing the damage to joints and aiding in arthritis pain management. Some of the recommended exercises include low-impact ones like cycling, swimming and aerobics.
Weight Management: Excess weight adds to the pressure and stress on the joints. Therefore,
weight loss is an effective strategy to minimize the disability and pain due to arthritis.

Dietary tips for Arthritis Care

Certain foods have been found to be helpful in reducing the inflammation associated with arthritis, especially the rheumatoid type.

These are rich in omega-3 fats and include:
• Salmon and sardines
• Walnuts
• Eggs and margarines
• Linseeds and flaxseed oil
• Fish oil supplements

Keep in mind that you should avoid the saturated fats found in processed foods, savoury snacks and similar foods. Make sure you remove the excess fat from meat before cooking, and as far as possible opt for poultry and fish.

Myths and Facts about Arthritis:

SL.No Myths Facts
 1  Arthritis affects only old people  This is not completely true. Older and elderly people are certainly at a greater risk of developing arthritis, but it can affect people of all age groups, including children and young adults.
 2  Physical activity will exacerbate joint pain.  The opposite is true. Not indulging in any exercise or outdoor activity weakens the   joints and increases the weight. Swimming, aerobics and running all help in fortifying the joints and muscles.
 3  You cannot prevent the onset of arthritis.  On the other hand, maintaining a healthy weight range, staying physically active and avoiding straining oneself can drastically reduce the risk of getting this disease.
 4  Cracking knuckles causes arthritis.  The sound we hear when we crack our knuckles is just due to the release of gas that has accumulated in the area of the joints.

 

The bottom line is that arthritis is very much avoidable. However, there is no guarantee that one cannot be develop arthritis at some point in his/her life. For any complications arising out of this disease, it is advisable to seek prompt medical care. S.L Raheja (A Fortis Associate) is reputed to administer one of the best treatments for arthritis in Mumbai, thanks to its expert and dedicated staff as well as its state-of-the-art infrastructure.

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